Tomás

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La India legendaria y misteriosa, la India de Krishna y de Buda con su misticismo profundo y extático, fue para Tomás de una tan poderosa atracción que no quiso más apartarse de ella, y estableció su escuela cristiana en la ciudad de Kalamina (Kandahar), que vio con asombro los heroicos esfuerzos de aquel solitario por establecer el reino del amor bebido a raudales del corazón de su excelso Maestro. (CL, TOMÁS DE TOLEMAIDA)

En la época de Yhasua[editar]

Niñez y adolescencia[editar]

Vida pública de Yhasua[editar]

En el monasterio budista[editar]

Etapa de contrición[editar]

(CL, RESURRECIÓN)

Una voz íntima, la de su Yo Superior sintió que le decía con su voz sin ruido:

“Te has curado tú mismo reconociendo tus deficiencias morales y espirituales, y aceptando valerosamente las consecuencias que traen consigo todos los actos y pensamientos en discordancia con la Ley Divina. “Ahora que te has despertado comenzará la expiación impuesta por ti mismo. Tendrás que luchar con la desventaja del que perdió los mejores años de su vida, que está retardado en el camino, y que deberá conquistar con esfuerzo y con dolor lo que antes se le brindó generosamente y lo despreció con dureza y hasta con crueldad”. (...)

Apostolado[editar]

(CL, RESURRECIÓN)

Durante veintinueve años evangelizó Tomás, ciudades y aldeas de la India Occidental, hasta que acontecimientos no provocados ni buscados por él, le atrajeron la enemistad del Príncipe soberano de Kalamina, que antes le había protegido por atención a recomendaciones del Patriarca Gaspar pariente suyo.

A los seis años de salir Tomás de “La Santa Estrella”, murió el anciano Gaspar, y Tomás continuó su apostolado con treinta y tres discípulos que repartió en Lahore, Kalamina y Meliapur, ciudades importantes en aquella época.

La “Santa Cruz, “La Santa Estrella” y “La Santa Fe” fueron las tres Escuelas fundadas por el Apóstol Tomás en la comarca fertilizada por el gran río Indo o sea la India Occidental. En Kalamina se desarrolló una terrible epidemia que causaba innumerables muertes. El Príncipe soberano envió un mensaje a Tomás con mandato terminante de hacer cesar la horrible peste.

El Apóstol y todos sus adeptos hicieron rogativas con tal fin, y la peste seguía con alarmantes proporciones. El Príncipe tomó prisioneros a Tomás y sus más íntimos adeptos. En sueños tuvo la visión de su pariente el Patriarca Gaspar que le decía: “Si continúas persiguiendo al Apóstol del Mesías Nazareno, la Ley Divina no protegerá la vida de tus hijos”. Pero él no podía humillarse ante el Apóstol que encerrado en su prisión, padecía el hambre y la sed.

Y cuando en la mansión real cayó la primera víctima, una de las esposas y luego uno de sus hijos, el Príncipe lleno de furor mandó quitar la vida a Tomás que murió atravesado por una lanza en la cárcel de la ciudad de Meliapur. Sus discípulos le sepultaron en el subsuelo del Oratorio de su Escuela “La Santa Fe” donde muchos años después fueron encontrados sus restos por el Rey Juan III de Portugal (reencarnación del mismo Apóstol Tomás).

Javidia le secundó eficazmente en su apostolado, organizando agrupaciones de mujeres consagradas a la oración, al trabajo manual y la atención de ancianos sin protección y sin familia, de niños huérfanos y de enfermos infecciosos arrojados de las ciudades. Al abrazar plenamente la doctrina del Mesías Nazareno, cambió su nombre por el de Cristina de Gundava. Y fue en el Oratorio de su Escuela-Asilo “La Santa Fe” en Meliapur, donde recibió y guardó el cadáver del Apóstol Tomás, a quien ella llamaba con profundo respeto: “El hombre de Dios”.

Biografía fuera de la Obra[editar]

HOW DID CHRISTIANITY CAME TO INDIA? (Source: TPM BELIEVERS GROUP)

1. Among Christ’s 12 apostles, Thomas Didaemus or Doubting Thomas, along with Peter and Paul were pre-eminent. Thomas Didaemus was called Doubting Thomas because he doubted Christ’s word that on the third day after his crucifixion, Christ would rise again.

2. There are many schools of thought as to how Christianity spread in India. Some claim it is through St. Thomas who came to India in 52 A.D. Others claim that a Syrian merchant, Thomas of Cana, came to Travancore in Kerala and established a Christian colony there.

3. Thomas Didaemus is believed to have visited India in two phases. His first mission took him to the Parthian empire in the Indo-Scythian border province of Kandahar (now in Afghanistan). Christians believed that king Gundapar who ruled in India, allowed Thomas to preach the gospel in his kingdom.

4. For 10 centuries, the existence of such a king was doubted. However, a large number of coins discovered in Kabul, Kandahar, and in the Punjab, bear the name of Gondophores. Research indicates that Gondophores probably ruled Peshawar between 20 and 45 A.D. However, there is no further evidence whether the first Christians were converted here or not.

5. In his second visit to India, Thomas landed at Musiris (Cranganore) in Kerala in 52 A.D. He made his first converts of Jews and Hindus in Cranganore, Palayur and Quilon among other places.At Palayur, he organized the new coverts and appointed priests from among the leading families. Alongside he organised the erection of the first church in India at Palayur, now in Trichur district. He is also credited with establishing six other churches in India.

6. St. Thomas then moved on to the east coast of India making conversions and crossed over to China. Returning to India he shifted base to Madras (now Chennai). But the people here did not appreciate the new religion and he was persecuted and killed in a cave in what is now called the St Thomas’ Mount in 72 A.D.

7. Armenian Christians discovered his grave in the sixth century and a church built on the site, a village now called Mylapore, in Chennai. Traders called this village ‘Betumah’ or ‘Town of Thomas’. Marco Polo in his travels was supposed to have visited this church.

8. In 1523, Portuguese settlers built a Church over his grave and called it San Thome after the apostle. This is now the nucleus of the present San Thome Basilica.

9. In 1606, the Diocese of San Thome was established at the personal request of King Philip II of Portugal to Pope Paul V. In 1898, Dom Henriques Reed de Silva, the first Bishop of Mylapore, built a new neo-Gothic cathedral over the old site. is a small bone of his hand, together with a portion of bloodstained earth and head of the lance, which struck him down.

10. However, the remains of St. Thomas were later shifted to Edessa in Iraq and later to the Greek island of Chios. From Chios they were shifted to Ortona in Italy where they remain to this day.

11. According to Indian Christian traditions, the Apostle Thomas arrived in Tamilakam presently in the Indian state of Kerala Kodungallur (also Muziris), Kerala, established the Seven Churches and evangelised in present-day Kerala and Tamil Nadu.

12. As with early Christianity in the Roman Empire, it is assumed that the initial converts were largely Jewish proselytes among the Cochin Jews who are believed to have arrived in India around 562 BC, after the destruction of the First Temple. Many of these Jews presumably spoke Aramaic like St. Thomas, also a Jew by birth, who is credited by tradition with evangelising India.

13. A historically more likely claim by Eusebius of Caesarea is that Pantaenus, the head of the Christian exegetical school in Alexandria, Egypt went to India during the reign of the Emperor Commodus and found Christians already living in India using a version of the Gospel of Matthew with "Hebrew letters, a mixture of colture. This is a plausible reference to the earliest Indian churches which are known to have used the Syriac (a dialect of Aramaic) New Testament. Pantaenus' evidence thus indicates that Syriac-speaking Christians had already evangelised parts of India by the late 2nd century.

14. An early 3rd-century Syriac work known as the Acts of Thomas connects the tradition of the apostle Thomas' Indian ministry with two kings, one in the north and the other in the south. The year of his arrival is widely disputed due to lack of credible records. According to one of the legends in the Acts, Thomas was at first reluctant to accept this mission but Jesus over-ruled the stubborn disciple by ordering circumstances so compelling that he was forced to accompany an Indian merchant, Abbanes, to his native place in northwest India, where he found himself in the service of the Indo-Parthian king,Gondophares. The apostle's ministry reputedly resulted in many conversions throughout this northern kingdom, including the king and his brother.[29] The Acts of Thomas identifies his second mission in India with a kingdom ruled by King Mahadwa, one of the rulers of a 1st-century dynasty in southern India. According to the tradition of the Mar Thoma or "Church of Thomas," Thomas evangelised along the Malabar Coast of Kerala State in southwest India, though the various churches he founded were located mainly on the Periyar River and its tributaries and along the coast, where there were Jewish colonies. He reputedly preached to all classes of people and had about seventeen thousand converts, including members of the four principal castes. According to legend, St. Thomas attained martyrdom at St. Thomas Mount in Chennaiand is buried on the site of San Thome Cathedral.

15. The world's oldest existing church structure, which was believed to be built by Thomas the Apostle in 57 AD, called Thiruvithamcode Arappally or Thomaiyar Kovil as named by the then Chera king Udayancheral,[34] is located at Thiruvithancode in Kanyakumari District of Tamil Nadu, India. It is now declared an international St. Thomas pilgrim center.

16. Although little is known of the immediate growth of the church, Bar-Daisan (AD 154–223) reports that in his time there were Christian tribes in North India which claimed to have been converted by Thomas and to have books and relics to prove it. Certainly by the time of the establishment of the Sassanid Empire (AD 226), there were bishops of the Church of the East in northwest India, Afghanistan and Baluchistan, with laymen and clergy alike engaging in missionary activity.

17. Conclusion: It is historically evident that Jews have arrived in India around 562 BC, after the destruction of the First Temple. They all belong to Jewish Religion, followed the Law of Moses.As with early Christianity in the Roman Empire, it is assumed that the initial converts were largely Jewish proselytes among the Cochin Jews after Christ was crucified and Christian Religion was established. These are all the Jews who are believed to have arrived in India around 562 BC, after the destruction of the First Temple. The one who started and established Christianity in India St. Thomas the Apostle.

Otras encarnaciones[editar]

Otras épocas[editar]

Fue el Rey Juan III de Portugal. Su madre, fundadora del Monasterio de “La Santa Fe” en Lisboa, bajo la protección del Apóstol Tomás, tuvo el aviso espiritual del sitio en que yacían los restos del Apóstol y sus escritos; y el Rey, su hijo, hizo aquel viaje buscando la comprobación pues dudaba de las visiones de su madre. Ni aún el tiempo que todo lo destruye y transforma había extinguido por completo la duda en Tomás de Tolemaida.

Véase también[editar]

Artículos en Wikipedia[editar]